The main direction of research is related to the study of the structure, properties and mechanisms of action of antimicrobial proteins and peptides, which are the molecular factors of the plant innate immunity system. They have a diverse structural organization and have a wide range of biological activity, due to which they not only effectively protect plants under stress, but also take part in the regulation of their growth and development. Interest in plant antimicrobial proteins and peptides is due not only to their important role in plant physiology, but also to the possibility of using them to create sustainable crops, as well as new antifungal and antitumor drugs. In addition, many of them are food and inhalation allergens that cause the development of allergic reactions of varying severity and can be used in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies.
Currently, Finkina E.I. is the main executor of the RSF 2020-2022 project "Molecular and cellular mechanisms of allergic sensitization".